Disaster risk is often driven by factors such as climate change, environmental degradation, poverty, inequality, and weak governance. However, factors such as poverty are not confined only to poor countries, they exist in rich countries too and exacerbates the level of vulnerability to disasters. An understanding of disaster risk drivers from multidimensional perspectives becomes a crucial step for addressing them within cities and communities.
In this short course, an exploration of terminologies such as hazard, exposure, vulnerability, and capacity are utilized to provide a narrative of the elements that come into play as risk is shaped within societies.
The priority 1 of the Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction which focuses on understanding disaster risks will be deconstructed. Knowledge relevant for understanding the systemic interaction between elements that either contribute to exacerbating or reducing the impact of disasters in terms of loss of life, injury, or the destruction of livelihoods assets and livelihoods essential for human survival will be examined.